The use of geophysical methods during the restoration and conservation works of historical buildings provides an important basis for the studies. Thus, the structural problems of today’s cultural structures, buried features that have not been found, and the soil-structure relationship can be determined using high-resolution geophysical methods.
In recent years, the importance of geophysics in restoration and conservation studies has become more evident. Geophysics is of great importance in terms of examining the unknown problems that arise in the main bearing elements and other elements of the building to be restored. For this purpose, sophisticated geophysical studies are carried out to reveal structural problems within structures or unknown partitions, chambers, additions and tombs. The most widely used method among these studies is the georadar (GPR) method. With this method, high-resolution geophysical results will be obtained from the studies to be carried out through antennas that will provide appropriate solutions to the problem, and thus the target or structural problem sought will be clearly revealed. In addition, it will be possible to examine these structures with electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) method in indoor studies. If there are no important metal constructions in the structure, it may be possible to conduct geomagnetic studies on them under suitable conditions. However, the best method is to use them in an integrated way and try to identify the desired features with common comments. In addition, high-resolution geophysical studies are also of great importance in conservation studies to be carried out on important works of art (sculpture, column, embroidered building elements, etc.). Thus, possible unseen internal damage and / or structural changes can be revealed. It is a set of methods used to solve problems without causing any disturbing effects during geophysical restoration and conservation works.VIEW